MD, MA (sociology), PhD, FRCP(Edin)
Is working as the Chief Scientific Officer at Dasman Diabetes Institute in Kuwait. He is Professor Emeritus of Public Health of the University of Helsinki, Finland. He is also affiliated with the Chronic Disease Prevention Unit of the Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare, the Danube-University Krems in Austria, and Diabetes Research Group at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
His research interests include the epidemiology and prevention of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and dementia. He has contributed many landmark studies, including the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study (DPS) that in 2001 demonstrated a remarkable 58% reduction in the incidence of diabetes with lifestyle intervention.
He was the Principal Investigator of the WHO DIAMOND Project mapping the incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes worldwide. He also established large international collaborative studies of diabetes epidemiology, the DECODE/DECODA (Diabetes Epidemiology-Collaborative analysis of Diagnostic Criteria in Europe/Asia) studies that have assessed the glucose criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes.
He has been acting as a member several American Diabetes Association (ADA) and WHO committees on the definition and diagnostic criteria of diabetes. He has played an active role within the European Society of Cardiology, and was the member of the recent “Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Guideline” task force.
He is actively involved in several other committees, scientific organisations, editorial boards and advisory boards nationally and internationally. Currently he serves as the Editor-in-Chief of Primary Care Diabetes. He has received many prestigious scientific awards, including the ADA Kelly West Award and Harold Rifkin Award, EASD Camillo Golgi Award and ESC Geoffrey Rose Award. He has contributed to over 1600 scientific peer-reviewed publications, and is one of the most cited authors in the field of clinical medicine and diabetes worldwide with h-index 153.